"The internet, which we tend to imagine as a gigantic network of people using machines, is increasingly used for machine-to-machine (M2M) exchanges. Behind the scenes, billions of these digital agents are silently shaping our experience of the web and influencing the way in which we learn, share information, and interact with others. As early  as 2008, at the "Bot-mediated Reality" conference, sci-fi author Daniel Suarez warned of the dangers they represent; for even if Bots are at best narrow AI, they may ultimately enable society to function like a "vast, inhumane machine on automatic pilot.' "


Marie Lechner, "Communication Fatigue", in Escaping the Digital Unease, 2017

she also speaks about free labor on the web:

effet de serfs !